The construction of the Acueducto de Zacatecas began in the last years of the colonization, and was completed in the beginning years of the Mexican Independence. Thanks to the arches that integrate a sculptural aspect to the aqueduct, which were developed with quarry and masonry and remodeled with six buttress arches similar to that of the original arches, caused the unevenness of the ground to be overcome, and brought the water from the shaft all the way to the Plazuela de Villarreal, where the town was supplied with water at that time. The aqueduct functioned until 1910, when it was withdrawn from the Plazuela Villa Real in order to make way for the construction of the present Jardin Independencia.
This monumental hydraulic work is a sample of the majesty of some of the construction in the city of Zacatecas. Along with the former Plaza de Toros San Pedro, Enrique Estrada Park, Francisco Goitia Museum, the Fatima Church, and the Spectacular Fountain of Light and Color, form a set of magnificent highlights that adorn the city, and give it a distinctive touch of elegance.