Chapultepec Castle was built after the explosion that destroyed the old Palace in the middle of the 18th century. This is the reason why it was decided to place the new one at the top of Chapultepec Hill whose construction work began on August 16, 1785.
Since then, it has been the scene of vast chapters in the history of Mexico and residence of emperors and rulers such as Maximilian I of Habsburg and his wife Carlotta. Perhaps one of the most remembered chapters is the heroic defense of national sovereignty that occurred between September 12 and 13, 1847, by 46 cadets of which 5 were the legendary children heroes of Chapultepec.
On February 3, 1939, President Lázaro Cárdenas issued the Act of which emerges the INAH, whereupon, the castle was declared a national heritage and renamed the National Museum of History opening on September 27, 1944. Since then, it has been available to the public for visits. The main Museum tour leads visitors through the rooms of Emperor Maximilian, canteens, Carlotta’s room and the places from which the country was governed. You can see the original furniture, as well as costumes, floats and other artifacts of Mexico before the revolution. Likewise, you can see the places where battles were held, such as the Tower from which the Cadet Juan Escutia safeguarded the national flag during the American invasion. Not only do visitors appreciate the items on display but also the architecture and landscape that make up this eclectic compound which is only possible in Mexico City and is often a source of admiration for national and international visitors. In addition, there are rotating temporary exhibitions that allow the display of other historical articles. The entrance to the Museum is $51.00 MN and is free on Sundays. Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9: 00a.m. to 5:00p.m. Metro Auditorio, line 7 station. Services: library, photo library, videos, tours, books, restrooms.