After being closed for five months the Toltec Room of the National Museum of Anthropology of Mexico reopened its doors with new museography and 270 pre-Hispanic pieces, some unseen for about a thousand years.
Friday November 23, 2012, at the National Museum of Anthropology (MNA) of Mexico City the opening of the room, The Toltecs and the Epiclassic, and the exhibition, “Society and Mayan Time“, took place following its return to Mexico after its tour in Bogota and Medellin, Colombia, and in Seoul, South Korea.
The new room is divided into two themes:
- The fall of Teotihuacan (650 AD) and its impact on the various ethnic groups of central Mexico. This space shows the presence of the Aztec culture in cities abandoned or conquered by the Tenochcas in the Basin of Mexico. Interlacing the Aztecs with the Toltecs as the first to use Toltec military mechanisms to establish its empire;
- The prosperity of the Tenayuca Archaeological Site, in the State of Mexico; a pre-Hispanic site which flourished after the fall of Tula, between 1200 and 1300 AD.
Among the pieces recently unveiled to the public that make up the new museology of the Toltec Room include:
The Creator, a ceramic sculpture 1.5 meters high made a millennium ago, depicting the origin of the dynasties of the rulers of Xochicalco;
A stunning column of the atlantean figures that are almost five meters high, 1.2 meters wide and 1 meter thick, a vestige of the of the splendor of the Toltec culture this sculpture was part of the columns that supported the roof of Pyramid B at Tula, known as the Atlantes;
Head-coyote, piece of Plumbate pottery located in Tula in the mid-1950’s. Covered with mother of pearl tiles, it represents the face of a bearded character that appears between the jaws of a coyote, whose teeth are made of bone;
Breastplate of red shell and a snail as well as three shell fragments burned with the Mictlantecuhtli figures, god of death, a puma, and a character who could be the god Quetzalcoatl;
Vessel Cuauhxicalli (considered a divine offerings container) of almost 37cm in diameter and 14cm high, which has red pigmentation on the outside and a band around the mouth that mimics the skin of a jaguar;
Reproductions of the murals at Cacaxtla-Xochitécatl, of 1300 years ago on which are imprinted military representations and dressed priests, and the façade of the Quemado Palace of Tula.
Address, admission, and hours
National Museum of Anthropology: Paseo de la Reforma and Calzada Gandhi, s / n, Colonia Chapultepec Polanco, Miguel Hidalgo. Mexico City.
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 9:00a.m. to 7:00p.m. Free admission on Sunday to Mexican nationals and foreign residents.
Admission: $ 57 pesos. Free admission for children under 13 years of age and adults over 60, retirees, people on disability, and teachers and students with valid ID.